In the 20th century, more and more women started working, which gave them more freedom and independence than ever before. As a result, women divorce a lot during the twentieth century.
In 1947, there were 3,4 divorces for every 1,000 people. But during the next few decades, this rate began to go down. In the 1950s, the nuclear family and marriage came back, which made the number of divorces go down. Also, more people got married younger than in the past, and more women had children, which made the number of divorces go down.
Most people think that today, half of all marriages end in divorce. It sure seems that way since the news is full of stories about famous couples breaking up. But things weren’t always like this. In fact, divorce used to be frowned upon.
Since we know how many divorces happen every year but the number of people changes, we figured out how many divorces happen for every 1,000 people. It became clear that today, only half of the marriages end in divorce. In fact, divorce rates are going down right now.
Keep reading to find out about more surprising changes in the divorce rate during the twentieth century.
Factors that cause women divorce in the twentieth century
Still, the fact that women have become more financially independent doesn’t explain why they divorce their husbands so much more than they used to. Still, the number of women who start divorces has continued to rise, and there are many reasons for this.
For many women, what they expect when they get married may not be what they get. Experts say that women often have higher expectations of how a partner will meet their emotional needs than men do, which can lead to disappointment after the wedding.
Gilza Fort-Martinez, a licensed couples’ therapist in Florida, US, who specializes in resolving conflicts, says that because men are socialized to have less emotional intelligence than women, this can make women feel unsupported and make them do most of the emotional work in the relationship.
Because of their emotional intelligence, women are also better at spotting problems and “red flags” in relationships. Since they tend to be the main communicators and empathizers, they may also be the first to bring up problems, which could lead to a breakup or divorce.
Women also tend to get fewer emotional benefits from marriage, which could make being single seem more appealing. Married men have many benefits, like living longer and making more money, but women don’t usually get the same things out of their relationships. Instead, they do most of the work around the house and with the kids, which can leave working women “overwhelmed and stressed,” according to Fort-Martinez.
Women also tend to have more close friends than men. In the US, 15% of men say they have no close friends at all. This means that women have a better support system to talk about problems in their marriages and to help them adjust to being single again. It’s also possible that these friendships make divorce seem more likely. Research shows that a person’s chances of getting divorced go up by 75% if a close friend does.
When you add in the fact that most women get primary custody of their children after a divorce, women may feel like they have less to lose than men when they file for divorce. And in some ways, they are right: research shows that men’s health tends to go down much more quickly after a divorce.
In the past, families usually set up marriages to make money, make friends, and get political advantages. Today, though, many people get married because they love each other, not because they want to get rich. In fact, only 4% of Americans and 5% of Australians would get married without love, according to a study. Women in India and Pakistan, on the other hand, would marry without love if they had the chance.
Changes in social norms have been linked to why there were so many divorces in the 20th century. As more women went to work, more marriages fell apart. Because of this, a lot of women married the wrong person. Marriages today are more stable and fit better with modern life. The rate of divorce has also gone down because more people are waiting to get married until they are older. This helps people figure out what they want from a partner.
Modern marriages that are based on shared interests and love make both people happier and more fulfilled. The average age of people who just got married is 37. For men, the average length of a marriage is eight years, and for women, it’s nine years.